AD 1   Aerodromes/heliports - introduction

AD 1.1  Aerodrome/heliport availability and conditions of use

1.   General conditions

1.1   General conditions under which aerodromes/heliports and associated facilities are available for use
1.1.1  The responsible authority for the approval of aerodromes available for civil use is the Civil Aviation Authority of Albania.
1.1.2  The operator of the aerodrome concerned is responsible for the administration of the aerodrome and provision of the associated facilities and services.
1.1.3  Civil aircraft are not permitted to take-off from or land at any aerodrome/heliport not listed in this AIP, except in cases of real emergency in flight or where special permission has been obtained from the Civil Aviation Authority of Albania.
1.1.4  If a landing is made other than at an international aerodrome/heliport or a designated alternate aerodrome/heliport, the pilot-in-command shall report the landing as soon as practicable to the health, customs and immigration authorities at the international aerodrome/heliport at which the landing was scheduled to take place. This notification may be made through any available communication link.
1.1.5  The pilot-in-command shall be responsible for ensuring that:
  1. if practique has not been granted to the aircraft at the previous landing, contact between other persons on the one hand and passengers and crew on the other is avoided;
  2. cargo, baggage and mail are not removed from the aircraft except as provided below;
  3. any foodstuff of overseas origin or any plant material is not removed from the aircraft except where local food is unobtainable. All food refuse including peelings, cores, stones of fruit, etc. must be collected and returned to the galley refuse container, the contents of which should not be removed from the aircraft except for hygiene reasons; in that circumstance the contents must be destroyed either by burning or by deep burial.
1.1.6  In addition to the aerodromes/heliports available for public use listed in this AIP, a number of other aerodromes/airfields are located throughout the country. These aerodromes/airfields are available only for state flights.
1.1.7  Separate public heliports are presently not established in Albania. However, helicopter operations may normally take place on public aerodromes.
1.2   Traffic of persons and vehicles on aerodromes/heliports
1.2.1  The grounds of each aerodrome/heliport are divided into two zones:
  1. a public zone comprising the part of the aerodrome/heliport open to the public; and
  2. a restricted zone comprising the rest of the aerodrome/heliport.
1.2.2  Access to the restricted zone is authorized only under the conditions prescribed by the special rules governing the aerodrome/heliport. The customs, police, and health inspection offices and the premises assigned to transit traffic are normally accessible only to passengers, to staff of the public authorities and airlines and to authorized persons in pursuit of their duty. The movement of persons having access to the restricted zone of the aerodrome/heliport is subject to the conditions prescribed by the air navigation regulations and by the special rules laid down by the aerodrome administration.
1.2.3  The movement of vehicles in the restricted zone is strictly limited to vehicles driven or used by persons carrying a traffic permit or an official card of admittance. Drivers of vehicles, of whatever type, operating within the confines of the aerodrome/heliport must respect the direction of the traffic, the traffic signs and the posted speed limits and generally comply with the instructions given by the competent authorities.
1.2.4  Care and protection of aircraft, vehicles, equipment and goods used at the aerodrome/heliport are not the responsibility of the State or any concessionaire; they cannot be held responsible for loss or damage which is not incurred through action by them or their agents.

1.3   Applicable ICAO documents

1.3.1  The Standard Recommended Practices and Procedures contained in the ICAO Annex 14, Volumes I and II, are applied without differences.

2.   Civil use of military air bases

Not applicable.

3.   Cat II/III operations at aerodromes

Not applicable.

4.   Friction measuring device used and friction level below which the runway is declared slippery when it is wet

4.1   Runway surface condition reporting
4.1.1  Whenever water is present on a runway, a description of the runway surface conditions should be made available using the following terms:
Reporting TermSurface Conditions
DAMPThe surface shows a change of colour due to moisture.
WETThe surface is soaked but there is not standing water.
STANDING WATERFor aeroplane performance purposes, a runway where more than 25 per cent of the runway surface area (whether in isolated areas or not) within the required length and width used is covered by water more than 3 mm deep.
4.1.2  Information that a runway or portion thereof may be slippery when wet shall be made available.

Note: The determination that a runway or portion thereof may be slippery when wet is not based solely on the friction measurement obtained using a continuous friction measuring device. Supplementary tools to undertake this assessment are described in the Airport Services Manual (Doc 9137), Part 2.

4.1.3  Whenever an operational runway is contaminated by snow, slush, ice or frost, the runway surface condition shall be assessed and reported.
4.1.4  Runway surface friction measurements made on a runway that is contaminated by slush, wet snow or wet ice should not be reported unless the reliability of the measurements relevant to its operational use can be assessed.
4.1.5  When friction measurements are taken as part of the assessment, the performance of the friction measuring device on compacted snow- or ice-covered surfaces should meet the standard and correlation criteria.

Note: Guidance on criteria for, and correlation between, friction measuring devices is included in the Airport Services Manual (Doc 9137), Part 2.

4.1.6  Whenever snow, slush, ice or frost is present and reported, the description of the runway surface condition should use the following terms:

DRY SNOW;

WET SNOW;

COMPACTED SNOW;

WET COMPACTED SNOW;

SLUSH;

ICE;

WET ICE;

FROST;

DRY SNOW ON ICE;

WET SNOW ON ICE;

CHEMICALLY TREATED;

SANDED

and should include, where applicable, the assessment of contaminant depth.

4.1.7  Whenever dry snow, wet snow or slush is present on a runway, an assessment of the mean depth over each third of the runway should be made to an accuracy of approximately 2 cm for dry snow, 1 cm for wet snow and 0.3 cm for slush.
4.2   Runway friction assessment
4.2.1  Aerodrome authorities are required to conduct periodic surveys of the friction characteristics of their runway surfaces. The purpose of these surveys is to predict the need for maintenance of the runway surface to prevent an unacceptable deterioration of grip as detailed in Table 1. The recognized Continuous Friction Measuring Equipment (CFME) device used at Tirana Aerodrome is SFT.
Continuous Friction
Measuring Equipment
(CFME)
Design Objective
Level
(DOL)
Maintenance Planning
Level
(MPL)
Minimum Friction
Level
(MFL)
SFT0.74 or above0.470.34
4.2.2  If a survey indicates that the runway surface friction characteristics have deteriorated below the specified Minimum Friction Level (MFL), then that runway will be notified by NOTAM as a runway that ‘may be slippery when wet’.
4.2.3  When a runway is notified as ‘may be slippery when wet’, aircraft operators may request additional information relating to that notification from the aerodrome operator. However, any performance calculations or adjustment made as a result of this information is the responsibility of the aircraft operator.

5.   Other information

Nil.