AD 2   Aerodromes

LATI — TIRANA Aerodrome

LATI AD 2.1  Aerodrome location indicator and name

LATI — TIRANA Aerodrome

LATI AD 2.2  Aerodrome geographical and administrative data

1Aerodrome reference point and its site

412453N

0194314E

Midpoint of RWY 17/35
2Direction and distance of aerodrome reference point from centre of the city7.67 NM North of Tirana
3Aerodrome elevation and reference temperature125 FT/33° C
4Geoid undulation at the aerodrome elevation position119 FT
5Magnetic variation, date of information and annual change4°E (2015)/0.1° increasing
6Name of aerodrome operator, address, telephone and telefax numbers, e-mail address, AFS address and, if available, website address

Tirana International Airport Mother Teresa Airport Administration Building Rinas, Tirana Albania

Phone: +355 42 381800 (call centre office)

+355 42 381600 (administration)

Fax: +355 42 381545

Email: info@tirana-airport.com

SITA: TIAAPXH

URL: www.tirana-airport.com

7Types of traffic permitted to use the aerodrome (IFR/VFR)IFR-VFR
8RemarksNil

LATI AD 2.3  Operational hours

1Aerodrome operator

H24

2Customs and immigration

H24

3Health and sanitation

H24

4AIS Briefing Office

H24

5ATS Reporting Office (ARO)H24
6MET Briefing Office

H24

7ATSH24
8Fuelling

H24

9Handling

H24

10Security

H24

11De-icing

H24

12RemarksAIS Briefing Service is available at Tirana aerodrome ATS Reporting Office

LATI AD 2.4  Handling services and facilities

1Cargo-handling facilities

Cargo lodaers 7 tons (maximum height 3.5 M)

Custom clearance operations:

Monday to Friday 0900-1700 LT

2Fuel and oil types

FUEL:

AVGAS - Octane 100 aviation gasoline

A1 - Jet A1 aviation fuel

By arrangement with fuel company

OIL: Nil

3Fuelling facilities and capacity

1 truck 30 000 litres 1 truck 20 000 litres

4De-icing facilities

Aircraft de-icing fluid, type 1

5Hangar space for visiting aircraftNil
6Repair facilities for visiting aircraftNil
7RemarksNil

LATI AD 2.5  Passenger facilities

1Hotels

In the vicinity of AD and in the city

2Restaurants

At AD and in the city

3Transportation

Buses, taxis from the AD

4Medical facilities

First aid at AD. Hospitals in the city

5Bank and Post Office

Yes

6Tourist Office

Office in the city

7Remarks

Nil

LATI AD 2.6  Rescue and firefighting services

1Aerodrome category for firefighting

Belongs to CAT 7

2Rescue equipment

3 trucks 6500 litres

3Capability for removal of disabled aircraft

Push-back tractors and tow bars for MTOW 120 tons

4Remarks

Nil

LATI AD 2.7  Seasonal availability - clearing

1Type(s) of clearing equipment

Vacuum sweeper for apron and manoeuvring area Runway de-icing equipment

2Clearance prioritiesStandard
3Remarks

The latest information on snow clearance will be published by NOTAM

LATI AD 2.8  Aprons, taxiways and check locations/positions data

1Designation, surface and strength of aprons

Designation:MAIN APRON

Surface: CONC

Strength: PCN 60/R/C/W/T

2Designation, width, surface and strength of taxiways

Designation:C

Width: 23 M

Surface: ASPH

Strength: PCN 48/F/D/W/U

Designation: D

Width: 23 M

Surface: CONC

Strength: PCN 60/R/B/W/T

Designation: E

Width: 23 M

Surface: CONC

Strength: PCN 60/R/C/W/T

Designation: W

Width: 23 M

Surface: ASPH

Strength: PCN 48/F/D/W/U

Designation: W1

Width: 18 M

Surface: CONC

Strength: PCN 40/R/D/W/T

3Location and elevation of altimeter checkpointsNil
4Location of VOR checkpointsNil
5Position of INS checkpointsNil
6RemarksNil

LATI AD 2.9  Surface movement guidance and control system and markings

1Use of aircraft stand identification signs, taxiway guide lines and visual docking/parking guidance system at aircraft standsApproach to the apron is from the taxiways, following the continuous yellow line markings.
Usually aircraft are guided by a “FOLLOW ME” car. The guidance principles are according to the marshaller’s hand signals.
2Runway and taxiway markings and lights

RWY-17/35

Markings: Designation numbers and touchdown zone

LGT: Threshold, runway end and runway edges.

TWY Markings: Taxi-holding positions and TWY centreline

LGT: Taxiway edges

3Stop bars (if any)Nil
4RemarksNil

LATI AD 2.10  Aerodrome Obstacles

LATI AD 2.10.1   Obstacles in Area 2

For obstacle data in Area 2 See GEN 3.1.6.

LATI AD 2.10.2   Obstacles in Area 3

For obstacle data in Area 3 See GEN 3.1.6.

LATI AD 2.11   Meteorological information provided

1Name of the associated meteorological office

Tirana MET Office

2Hours of service and, where applicable, the designation of the responsible meteorological office outside these hours

H24

3Office responsible for preparation of TAFs and periods of validity and interval of issuance of the forecastsTirana MET Office
24 HR
(issued every 6 hours)
4Availability of the trend forecasts for the aerodrome, and interval of issuanceTREND
1/2 HR
5Information on how briefing and/or consultation is providedPre-flight meteorological briefing consultation provided by qualified meteorological forecasters
6Types of flight documentation supplied and language(s) used in flight documentationAerodrome METAR and TAF, Charts
EN/AL
7Charts and other information displayed or available for briefing or consultationEUR:
Flight Documentation:
  • Model A/OPMET information
  • Model IS/Upper wind and temperature chart for standard isobaric surface
  • Model SWM/Significant weather chart, Medium Level
  • Model SWL/Significant Weather chart, Low Level
  • Model VAG/Volcanic Ash Advisory information in graphical representation
  • Model SN/sheet of notations used in flight documentation
Upper Wind/Humidity/Air Temp
Geopotential Altitude of FLs
FL and Temp of tropopause
Direction speed on FL of maximum wind
SIGWS phenomena
8Supplementary equipment available for providing information on meteorological conditions, e.g. weather radar andreceiver for satellite imagesSelf-briefing terminal
9The air traffic services unit(s) provided with meteorological informationTWR, APP, ACC and ARO
10Additional information (e.g. concerning any limitation of service, etc.)LAF, Aerodrome Warning (AW), Seven Days Forecast

LATI AD 2.12  Runway physical characteristics

DesignationTrue bearingRWY dimensionsRWY/SWY strength (PCN) and surfaceTHR coordinates RWY end coordinatesTHR geoid undulationTHR elevation TDZ highest elevation
123456
17174.282746 X 45 M

60/F/C/W/T

ASPH

412537.31N 0194308.15E

412408.74N 0194319.93E

119.4 FT

THR 108.5 FT
TDZ 115.2 FT
35354.292746 X 45 M

60/F/C/W/T

ASPH

412408.74N 0194319.93E

412537.31N 0194308.15E

119.0 FT

THR 125.0 FT
TDZ Nil
RWY/SWY slopeSWY dimensionsCLR dimensionsStripdimensionsOFZRemarks
789101112

+ 0.19%

Nil237 X 150 M2866 X 300 MNilNil

- 0.19%

Nil130 X 150 M2866 X 300 MNil Nil

LATI AD 2.13  Declared distances

Runway designatorTORATODAASDALDARemarks
123456
17

2746 M

2983 M

2746 M

2746 M

Nil
17

2259 M

2496 M

2259 M

-

Take-off from intersection at Taxiway Echo.

17

1784 M

2021 M

1784 M

-

Take-off from intersection at Taxiway Delta.

35

2746 M

2876 M

2746 M

2746 M

Nil
35

2209 M

2339 M

2209 M

-

Take-off from intersection at Taxiway Charlie.

LATI AD 2.14  Approach and runway lighting

Runway designatorApproach lighting system type, length and intensityTHR lights colour and wing barsVASIS typeTDZ lights length
12345
17

Type: Approach lighting system - Cat I

Length: 900 M

Intensity: LIH

Adjustable in 5 stages

GRN

PAPI

LEFT
Nil
35

Type: Simple approach lighting system

Length: 420 M

Intensity: LIH

Adjustable in 5 stages

GRN

PAPI

LEFT
Nil
RWY centre line lights length, spacing, colour and intensityRWY edge lightslength, spacing,colour and intensityRWY end lights colour and wing barsStopway lightslength and colourRemarks
678910
Nil

Length: 2 746 M Spacing: 60 M

Colour: WHI

Intensity: LIH

RED

NilNil
Nil

Length: 2 746 M Spacing: 60 M

Colour: WHI

Intensity: LIH

RED

NilNil

LATI AD 2.15  Other lighting, secondary power supply

1Location, characteristics and hours of operation of aerodrome beacon/identification beacon

ABN: At Tower building, 25 flashes per minute, operating during the hours of darkness

IBN: Nil

2Location and lighting of anemometer/landing direction indicator

LDI: Nil
Anemometer:
412527N 0194304E, lighted
412417N 0194313E, lighted

3Taxiway edge and taxiway centre line lights

EDGE: All Taxiways

Centre line: Nil

4Secondary power supply including switch-over timeSecondary power supply to all lighting at AD. Switch-over time: 12 SEC
5RemarksNil

LATI AD 2.16  Helicopter landing areas

Nil

LATI AD 2.17  Air Traffic Services airspace

Designation and lateral limitsVertical LimitsClass of AirspaceATS unit call sign/ LanguageTransition AltitudeHours of applicabilityRemarks
1234567

TIRANA CTR

411542N 0195028E - 411542N 0194622E - 411448N 0194622E - 411447N 0193543E - 413600N 0193216E - 413600N 0194722E - 411542N 0195028E

Upper limit: 2500 FT AMSL
Lower limit: GND
D

Tirana Tower

EN
10000 FTH24Nil

LATI AD 2.18  ATS communication facilities

Service DesignationCall signChannel(s)Hours of operationRemarks
12345
APPTirana Approach133.150 MHZ
136.350 MHZ

121.500 MHZ
Emergency Channel
H24

TWR

Tirana Tower

122.500 MHZ

123.500 MHZ

121.500 MHZ

Emergency Channel

H24

ATIS

Tirana Information

132.275 MHZ

H24

Broadcast in English language only.

LATI AD 2.19  Radio navigation and landing aids

Type of aids MAG Variation VOR/ILS DeclinationIDFrequency/ChannelHours of operationGeographical coordinates of transmitting antennaElevation of DME transmitting antennaRemarks
1234567
DVOR/DME
4°E (2015)
TRN117.700 MHZ
CH 124X
H24VOR
412458.1N 0194305.5E



DME
412458.3N
0194306.1E
100 FTRWY-17/35.

On AD.


MRA at 40 NM:

Sector 105°/144° 14000 FT, Sector 145°/010° 11000 FT.

Sector 011°/104° not usable.
LOC 17
ILS CAT I
4°E (2015)
ITR109.100 MHZH24412358.6N 0194321.3ERWY 17. On AD. Due to terrain, LOC usable coverage sector is -35°/+22°.
GP 17
331.400 MHZ
H24412527.2N 0194314.7E
RDH 17.4 M
LOC/DMEITR28XH24412527.1N
0194314.8E
100 FT- ILS/DME co-located with GP - ITR DME zero ranged to THR RWY17

LATI AD 2.20  Local Aerodrome regulations

1.   Local regulations
1.1  Local regulations applicable to the traffic at Tirana International Airport are collected in a manual which is available at the Airport Operations Office. This manual includes, among other subjects, the following:
  1. the meaning of markings and signs;
  2. information about aircraft parking positions including visual docking guidance systems;
  3. information about taxiing from aircraft parking positions including taxi clearance;
  4. limitations in the operation of large aircraft;
  5. helicopter operations;
  6. marshaller assistance;
  7. use of engine power exceeding idle power;
  8. engine start-up and use of APU;
  9. fuel spillage; and
  10. precautions during extreme weather conditions.
1.2  Marshaller assistance can be requested and further information about the regulations can be obtained from the Tirana TWR.
1.3  When a local regulation is of importance for the safe operation of aircraft on the apron, the information will be given to each aircraft by the Tirana TWR.
2.   Taxiing
2.1   Arriving aircraft
2.1.1  Arriving aircraft will be instructed to the apron by the Tirana TWR. “FOLLOW ME” vehicle will guide the aircraft to the parking stand.
2.1.2  Aircraft, landing on RWY 17, are expected to vacate the RWY via TWY C.
2.1.3  Aircraft, landing on RWY 35, are normally advised, in conjunction with the landing clearance, the taxiway they shall vacate the RWY.
2.2   Departing aircraft
2.2.1   Start-up procedures
2.2.1.1  When so requested by the pilot prior to engine start, an expected take-off time should be given, taking into account SLOT times, and/or arrival/departure sequence as coordinated with Tirana APP.
2.2.1.2  Tirana Tower shall issue start up clearance to all IFR/VFR flights stating the call sign of aircraft, confirmation of ATIS information with QNH (subject of read back), runway in use and time check.
2.2.1.3  A start-up clearance shall only be withheld under circumstances or conditions specified by the appropriate ATS authority. If a start-up clearance is withheld, the flight crew shall be advised of the reason.
2.2.1.4  When a departing flight‘s start-up clearance is delayed for traffic reasons the pilot shall be so informed and either a planned or actual time to start issued. Clearance to start at pilot‘s discretion to meet a stated CTOT may be issued as appropriate.
2.2.1.5  When the aircraft is fully ready for departure, the Pilot in Command shall contact Tirana TWR for start-up clearance, push-back and taxi, only after receiving approval from Marshaller that walk around is completed, doors are closed and aircraft is ready for start-up. Marshaller shall monitor and ensure the safe path of aircraft until it passes the red line.
2.2.2   Start-up and push-back procedures
2.2.2.1  Aircraft which are parked either nose in to the terminal building will need to be pushed back off the stand towards the taxiway centerline taking into account the standard taxiway routing.
2.2.2.2  Subject to the requirements in 2.2.1.5, the Pilot in Command shall contact Tirana TWR for start-up clearance, stating the parking position and after that for push-back permission.
2.2.2.3  When the anti-collision beacons of the aircraft have been switched on, no vehicular movement is permitted behind the aircraft.
2.2.2.4  Tirana TWR may deviate from the standard push-back procedure as stated below for reasons such as traffic or work in progress. The deviation will be given in the push-back permission and the Pilot in Command has to make sure that the Ground Engineer/Marshaller fully understands the deviation.
2.2.2.5  The Pilot in Command shall use minimum break away power and minimum taxi power when operating on the aprons and taxi lanes.
2.2.2.6  The Marshaller shall notify the parking position to the Tower Controller and all push-back maneuvers shall be directed by the Marshaller. In such a case Tower Controller assumes responsibility when push-back maneuver is accomplished.
2.3   Taxiing limitations
2.3.1  During taxiing, the pilot shall comply with traffic regulation on apron taking into account instructions and information provided by the Tirana TWR in order to avoid collision with other aircraft, vehicles, persons or objects. Neither deviations nor shortcuts are allowed except under the guidance of Marshaller or “FOLLOW ME” vehicle or after special instructions given by the Tirana TWR.
2.3.2  In case of guidance by "FOLLOW ME" vehicle is requested by flight crew, the taxi clearance to the appropriate TWY will be issued by the Tirana TWR where the guidance will be taken over by the "FOLLOW ME" vehicle.
2.3.3  The main apron is used for operation of aircraft category C with maximum wingspan 36 m. Aircraft category D shall only use parking stands T1 and T2 which are accessed via TWY D only.
2.3.4  The north apron is used for operation of aircraft category A and B with maximum wingspan 24 m and accessed via TWY W1.
2.4   Taxiing during winter conditions
2.4.1  Taxiways are not equipped with centre line lights. The taxi guide lines may not be visible due to snow.
2.4.2  Assistance from the “FOLLOW ME” vehicle can be requested via the Tirana TWR.
3.   Parking
3.1   Parking area for small aircraft
3.1.1  General aviation aircraft will be guided by a Marshaller to the north apron for small aircraft. Assistance from the “FOLLOW ME” vehicle can be requested via the Tirana TWR.
3.2   Parking area for helicopters
3.2.1  Since there is no special parking area for helicopters on the aerodrome, helicopters will be instructed by Tirana TWR to the parking area. Marshaller will guide the helicopter to the parking stand.
4.   School and training flights - technical test flights
4.1  Training and technical flights must only be made after permission has been obtained from the CAA of Albania (see GEN 1.2).
4.2  Application for training flights shall be submitted at least 30 days prior the start of the season in question.
4.3  Application for a technical test flight shall be submitted at least 2 hours before such a flight is operated.
5.   Runway Occupancy Time
5.1  Tirana TWR operates on a basis of that each aircraft, if lined up on the RWY, is ready for immediate departure. Pilots should ensure, in accordance with safety and standard operating procedures that they are able to taxi into the holding position and after approval for line up on the RWY as soon as preceding aircraft has commenced its take-off or has landed.
5.2  If possible, cabin checks and cabin readiness should be achieved before line-up; any checks requiring completion on the runway should be kept to minimum. If flight crew is not capable following these requirements, Tirana TWR must be notified before lining up on the RWY.
6.   Reduced distances and procedures for intersection take-off
6.1   Reduced distances and intersection take-off positions
6.1.1  Reduced declared distances applicable for intersection take-off are described in LATI AD 2.13.
6.1.2  Intersection take-off positions shall be TWY E and D for RWY 17 and TWY C for RWY 35.
6.2   Procedures for intersection take-off
6.2.1  Subject to the conditions in 6.2.2, an aircraft may be cleared to depart from a published intersection take-off position upon request of the pilot or if initiated by aerodrome controller and accepted by the pilot.
6.2.2  Intersection take-off clearance shall be issued only for aircraft category A and B.
6.2.3  Information on the TORA from the intersection shall be issued when requested by an aircraft or whenever deemed necessary by the aerodrome controller.
6.2.4  The following radiotelephony (RTF) phraseology shall be used for intersection take-off:
CircumstancesPhraseologies
Request for departure from an intersection take-off position*REQUEST DEPARTURE FROM INTERSECTION E, D or C RUNWAY 17 or 35.* Denotes pilot transmission.
Approval of requested departure from an intersection take-off positionTAKE-OFF FROM INTERSECTION E, D or C RUNWAY 17 or 35 APPROVED.
Denial of requested departure from an intersection take-off positionNEGATIVE TAKE-OFF FROM INTERSECTION E, D or C RUNWAY 17 or 35.YOU HAVE TO USE FULL LENGTH OF RUNWAY.
ATC – initiated intersection take-off ADVISE, ARE YOU ABLE TO DEPART FROM INTERSECTION E, D or C RUNWAY 17 or 35?
Advising take-off run available (TORA) from an intersection take-off positionTAKE-OFF RUN FROM INTERSECTION E, D or C RUNWAY 17 or 35 is (distances in metres).
7.   Helicopter traffic limitations
7.1  When it is requested or necessary for a helicopter to proceed at a slow speed above the surface, normally below 20 kt and in ground effect, air-taxiing may be authorized by Tirana TWR in coordination with ground personnel.
8.   Removal of disabled aircraft from runway
8.1  When an aircraft is wrecked on a runway, it is the duty of the owner or user of such aircraft to have it removed as soon as possible. If a wrecked aircraft is not removed from the runway as quickly as possible by the owner or user, the aircraft will be removed by the aerodrome authority at the owner’s or user’s expense.

LATI AD 2.21  Noise abatement procedures

In course of preparation.

LATI AD 2.22  Flight procedures

1.   General
1.1   Types of ATS surveillance service
1.1.1  Tirana APP shall normally provide air traffic control services with the use of ATS surveillance system to all aircraft operating within the Tirana APP area of responsibility, and for other such airspace delegated to Tirana APP by the Tirana ACC.
1.1.2  Tirana APP shall provide flight information and alerting service with the use of ATS surveillance system to all aircraft operating within the Tirana APP area of responsibility, and outside controlled airspace within the Tirana FIR below FL 115, if requested (see GEN 3.3).
1.1.3  En-route traffic below FL195 routeing within or adjacent to the Tirana TMA shall normally be transferred to the Tirana APP.
2.   Procedures for IFR flights within Tirana TMA/CTR
2.1   Arrival routes
2.1.1  Standard Arrival Routes (STARs) procedures for aircraft inbound Tirana Airport are detailed at LATI AD 2.24-15 to 2.24-19.
2.1.2  RNAV segment of STARs are available only to aircraft which are equipped and operated in accordance with the requirements of JAA TGL-10, or equivalent, and approved by their State of Registry for RNAV 1 operations. Pilots shall request an ATC clearance for conventional STAR route if unable to comply with RNAV 1.
2.2   Holding facility
2.2.1  The holds associated with the VOR procedures are for use in the event of a missed approach and are not terminal holds.
2.2.2  There is only one terminal holding facility located at UNASA, R 271° TRN D19 inbound TR091° right turns, outbound TR271° limiting distance D24 TRN, minimum holding altitude 7 000 FT. From the UNASA hold, DME arcs enable aircraft to fly to the IF for either RWY 17/35 VOR or RWY 17 ILS approaches.
2.3   Approach control procedures using ATS surveillance system
2.3.1  Arriving aircraft that are released from adjacent ACCs shall be radar identified and their Mode C verified in accordance with the procedures specified in the ENR 1.6.1.
2.3.2  Prior to, or upon commencement of, vectoring for approach, the pilot shall be advised of the type of approach as well as the runway to be used.
2.3.3  The radar controller shall advise an aircraft being vectored for an instrument approach of its position at least once prior to commencement of final approach.
2.3.4  When giving distance information, the radar controller shall specify the point or navigation aid to which the information refers.
2.3.5  Aircraft vectored for final approach should be given a heading or a series of headings calculated to close with the final approach track. The final vector shall enable the aircraft to be established in level flight on the final approach track prior to intercepting the specified or nominal glide path if an ILS is to be made, and should provide an intercept angle with the final approach track of 45 degrees or less.
2.3.6  Whenever an aircraft is assigned a vector which will take it through the final approach track, it should be advised accordingly, stating the reason for the vector.
2.4   Visual approaches
2.4.1  Subject to the conditions in 2.4.3, clearance for an IFR flight to execute a visual approach may be requested by a flight crew or initiated by the controller. In the latter case, the concurrence of the flight crew shall be required.
2.4.2  Controllers shall exercise caution in initiating a visual approach when there is a reason to believe that the flight crew concerned is not familiar with the aerodrome and its surrounding terrain. Controllers should also take into consideration the prevailing traffic and meteorological conditions when initiating visual approaches.
2.4.3  An IFR flight may be cleared to execute a visual approach during the hours of daylight provided the pilot can maintain visual reference to the terrain and:
  1. the reported ceiling is at or above the level of the beginning of the initial approach segment for the aircraft so cleared; or
  2. the pilot reports at the level of beginning of initial approach segment or at any time during the instrument approach procedure that the meteorological conditions are such that with reasonable assurance a visual approach and landing can be completed.
2.4.4  The controller may initiate vectoring of an aircraft for visual approach provided the reported ceiling is above the minimum altitude applicable to vectoring and meteorological conditions are such that, with reasonable assurance, a visual approach and landing can be completed.
2.4.5  Clearance for visual approach shall be issued only after the pilot has reported the aerodrome or the preceding aircraft in sight, at which time vectoring would normally be terminated.
2.4.6  Separation shall be provided between an aircraft cleared to execute a visual approach and other arriving and departing aircraft.
2.4.7  For successive visual approaches, separation shall be maintained by the controller until the pilot of a succeeding aircraft reports having the preceding aircraft in sight. The aircraft shall then be instructed to follow and maintain own separation from the preceding aircraft. When both aircraft are of a heavy wake turbulence category, or the preceding aircraft is of a heavier wake turbulence category than the following, and the distance between the aircraft is less than the appropriate wake turbulence minimum, the controller shall issue a caution of possible wake turbulence. The pilot-in-command of the aircraft concerned shall be responsible for ensuring that the spacing from a preceding aircraft of a heavier wake turbulence category is acceptable. If it is determined that additional spacing is required, the flight crew shall inform the ATC unit accordingly, stating their requirements.
2.4.8  Transfer of communications to the aerodrome controller should be effected at such a point or time that information on essential local traffic, if applicable, and clearance to land or alternative instructions can be issued to the aircraft in a timely manner.

Note: The appropriate ATS units should apply restrictions on such procedure considering RWY occupancy time and TWY availability.

2.4.9  Clearance for visual approach during the hours of darkness shall not be authorized.
2.5   Missed approaches
2.5.1  Missed approach procedures are detailed at LATI AD 2.24-23 to 2.24-27.
2.5.2  ATC shall always be aware of the possibility of a missed approach and, unless in VMC and conducting a visual circuit, the need for aircraft carrying out a missed approach to maintain specified climb gradients due to terrain. Succeeding arrivals and/or other flights shall not be cleared to the same level, or cleared to operate within the missed approach area if there is any possibility of the aircraft flight paths conflicting.
2.5.3  When the missed approach climb gradient required for ATC reasons cannot be met by aircraft operating at or near maximum certified gross mass and engine-out conditions, the pilot shall immediately advise ATC upon first contact.
2.6   Loss of communication procedures
2.6.1  In the event of a complete radio communications failure in an aircraft, the pilot is to adopt the appropriate procedures detailed at ICAO Annex 2, 3.6.5.
2.7   Departures
2.7.1  Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs) procedures for aircraft departing from Tirana Airport are detailed at LATI AD 2.24-11 to 2.24-13.
2.7.2  The Tirana Airport SIDs are designed to provide track guidance, either along a VOR radial or via DME arcs to enable a pilot to determine his position and progress, particularly with regard to obstacle clearance on departure and initial climb.
2.7.3  RNAV SIDs procedures for aircraft departing from Tirana Airport are detailed at LATI AD 2.24-29 to 2.24-31.
2.7.4  RNAV SIDs are available only to aircraft which are equipped and operated in accordance with the requirements of JAA TGL-10, or equivalent, and approved by their State of Registry for RNAV 1 operations. Pilots shall request an ATC clearance for conventional SID route if unable to comply with RNAV 1.
2.7.5  Departing flights should normally be cleared via the appropriate SID until such time as the aircraft level and rate of climb enable either tactical vectoring to take place if required, or a direct route offered.
2.7.6  Departing aircraft shall be identified and their Mode C verified in accordance with the procedures specified in ENR 1.6.1.
2.8   Visual departures
2.8.1  A visual departure is a departure by an IFR flight when either part or all of an instrument departure procedure is not completed and the departure is executed in visual reference to terrain.
2.8.2  An IFR flight may be cleared to execute a visual departure upon request of the pilot or if initiated by the approach/aerodrome controller on the ground and accepted by the pilot.
2.8.3  To execute a visual departure, the aircraft take-off performance characteristics shall allow them to make an early turn after take-off. When implemented, visual departure shall be applied under the following conditions:
  1. the meteorological conditions in the direction of take-off and the following climb-out shall not impair the procedure up to minimum sector altitude (MSA);
  2. the procedure shall be applied during the daytime;
  3. the pilot shall be responsible for maintaining obstacle clearance until the specified altitude (MSA). Further clearance (route, heading, point) shall be specified by APP controller; and
  4. separation shall be provided between an aircraft cleared to execute a visual departure and other departing and arriving aircraft.
2.8.4  Prior to take-off, the pilot shall agree to execute a visual departure by providing a read-back of the ATC clearance.
2.8.5  Any additional local restrictions shall be agreed on in consultation between the appropriate ATS authority and operators.

Note: The conditions specified in these procedures are applied even when departing aircraft is cleared via specific radial/tracks after departures.

2.9   Wind Shear
2.9.1   General
2.9.1.1  When low level wind shear/microburst is reported by pilots, or reported by METEO Office, aerodrome controllers must issue the alert to all arriving and departing aircraft.
2.9.1.2  It is expected that wind shear is reported by pilots in the following format:
  1. A warning of the presence of wind-shear;
  2. The height or height band where the shear was encountered;
  3. The time/distance at which it was encountered;
  4. Details of the effect of the wind-shear on the aircraft (e.g. speed gain or loss, vertical speed tendency, change in drift).
2.9.2   Wind Shear Escape Procedures
2.9.2.1  If an aircraft under control informs ATC Unit that it is performing a wind shear escape procedure, air traffic controller shall not issue control instructions that are contrary to pilot actions.
2.9.2.2  ATC should continue to provide safety alerts regarding terrain or obstacles and traffic information for the escape aircraft, as appropriate.
2.9.2.3  Air traffic controller is not responsible for providing standard separation between the aircraft that is responding to an escape procedure and any other aircraft, airspace, terrain, or obstacle.
2.9.2.4  Responsibility for separation resumes when one of the following conditions are met:
  1. Pilot informs ATC that the wind shear escape maneuver is complete and ATC observes that standard separation has been re-established, or
  2. Pilot informs ATC that the escape maneuver is complete and has resumed a previously assigned departure/arrival clearance/routing.
  3. Pilot has executed a different clearance or requested further instructions.

Note: When the escape procedure is complete, the pilot must advise ATC they are returning to their previously assigned clearance or request further instructions.

2.10   Uncertainty of position on the manoeuvring area
2.10.1  Except as provided for in 2.10.2, a pilot in doubt as to the position of the aircraft with respect to the manoeuvring area shall immediately:
  1. stop the aircraft; and
  2. simultaneously notify the appropriate ATS unit of the circumstances (including the last known position).
2.10.2  In those situations where a pilot is in doubt as to the position of the aircraft with respect to the manoeuvring area, but recognizes that the aircraft is on a runway, the pilot shall immediately:
  1. notify the appropriate ATS unit of the circumstances (including the last known position);
  2. if able to locate a nearby suitable taxiway, vacate the runway as expeditiously as possible, unless otherwise instructed by the ATS unit; and then,
  3. stop the aircraft.
2.10.3  A vehicle driver in doubt as to the position of the vehicle with respect to the manoeuvring area shall immediately:
  1. notify the appropriate ATS unit of the circumstances (including the last known position);
  2. simultaneously, unless otherwise instructed by the ATS unit, vacate the landing area, taxiway, or other part of the manoeuvring area, to a safe distance as expeditiously as possible; and then,
  3. stop the vehicle.
2.10.4  In the event the aerodrome controller becomes aware of an aircraft or vehicle that is lost or uncertain of its position on the manoeuvring area, appropriate action shall be taken immediately to safeguard operations and assist the aircraft or vehicle concerned to determine its position.
2.11   Low Visibility Procedures (LVP)
2.11.1   Runways and associated equipment
2.11.1.1  Runways 17 and 35 are approved for departure operations in RVR conditions less than a value of 550 m. Runway 17 is equipped with ILS and is approved for CAT I operations. VOR/DME procedures are available for both runways.
2.11.2   Criteria for the initiation and termination of LVP
2.11.2.1  Preparation Phase

When the ground visibility deteriorates to approximately 1000 m or RVR 650 m and is expected to fall further below, or the cloud ceiling reduces to 400 ft and is expected to fall further below, or part of the manoeuvring area cannot be visually monitored from the control tower.

2.11.2.2  Operational Phase

When the ground visibility deteriorates 800 m or below or RVR 550 m or below, and/or the cloud ceiling reduces to 330 ft or below.

2.11.2.3  Termination Phase

When the ground visibility is greater than 2500 m or RVR is greater than 700 m, and/or the cloud ceiling reported is 500 ft or higher, and a continuing improvement in these conditions is anticipated, the termination phase of LVP shall be initiated.

2.11.3   Description of taxiway clearances
2.11.3.1  Departure taxi routes will be limited to the most direct taxi route via taxiways to the thresholds of departure Runways 17 and 35. Access to Runway 17 will be via Taxiway E. Access to the Runway 35 will be via Taxiway W and C.
2.11.3.2  In an event that the primary taxi route is unavailable, Tirana Tower may recommend a secondary departure taxi route to be used.
2.11.3.3  The arrival taxi routes will be directed by Tirana Tower to ensure the aircraft exits the runway as follows:
  1. When RWY 17 is in use – via Taxiway C and W;
  2. When RWY 35 is in use – via Taxiway E.
2.11.4   Description of LVP
2.11.4.1   General
2.11.4.1.1  Pilots will be informed by ATIS or RTF when LVP are in operation.
2.11.4.2   Arrivals
2.11.4.2.1  Arrivals with RVR below 550 m shall be conducted only under pilot responsibility.
2.11.4.2.2  APP shall organize arriving sequence sending arriving aircraft in the HOLD. If pilot decide to try an approach based on its own minima, APP controller shall ensure one movement at a time in the manoeuvring area.
2.11.4.2.3  Upon pilot request, Marshaller will provide a “FOLLOW ME” vehicle lead for aircraft.
2.11.4.3   Departures
2.11.4.3.1  For operations in visibility below RVR 550 m, all departures will be made on both Runways 17 or 35, depending on wind and other factors.
2.11.4.3.2  Although Tirana Tower does not control aircraft push backs or taxiing on apron, aircraft shall contact Tower before manoeuvring on apron.
2.11.4.3.3  Aircraft and vehicle movements will be restricted to one aircraft movement at a time while departure operations in RVR conditions less than a value of 550 m are conducted in order to ensure protection of the runway.
2.11.4.3.4  Aircraft movements on the apron must only be carried out with the direction of a Marshaller.
2.11.4.3.5  Upon pilot request, Marshaller will provide an additional “FOLLOW ME” vehicle which will be positioned on the taxiway link to the runway in use for departing aircraft.
2.11.4.3.6  Intersection departures will not be permitted during the operational phase of LVP.
2.12   Aeronautical ground lights
2.12.1   General
2.12.1.1  All aeronautical ground lights shall be operated:
  1. continuously during the hours form sunset to sunrise, unless otherwise provided hereafter or otherwise required for the control of air traffic;
  2. at any other time when their use, based on weather conditions, is considered desirable for the safety of air traffic.
3.   Procedures for VFR flights within Tirana TMA/CTR
3.1   Procedures for VFR flights within or into the Tirana TMA
3.1.1  VFR flights shall comply with the provisions of ICAO Annex 2, 3.3 when operated within or into the Tirana TMA. Procedures relating to VFR flight plan are detailed at ENR 1.10.
3.1.2  A VFR flight shall establish two-way communication with Tirana APP prior to entering the Tirana TMA, and report, as soon as possible, the time and level of passing each designated compulsory point, together with any other required information.
3.1.3  VFR flights shall be positioned in the approach sequence as instructed by the appropriate ATC unit.
3.1.4  In the event of communications failure in a VFR flight operating in accordance with these procedures, the pilot is to adopt the procedures detailed at ICAO Annex 2, 3.6.5.
3.2   Procedures for VFR flights within or into the Tirana CTR
3.2.1  VFR flights intending to enter Tirana CTR from uncontrolled airspace shall establish, as soon as practicable, two-way RTF communication with Tirana Tower on the appropriate frequency prior to entering Tirana CTR.
3.2.2  An aircraft conducting VFR flight shall enter and/or exit Tirana CTR via the entry/exit points described in 3.2.6 and shown on the Visual Approach Chart - ICAO at LATI AD 2.24-33 unless otherwise authorised by ATC.
3.2.3  VFR flights operating within, into or transit the Tirana CTR are restricted to fly at or below 2000 FT AMSL.
3.2.4  When flying in controlled airspace unless otherwise authorised by the ATC Unit, the pilot of the aircraft must file a flight plan (see ENR 1.10), obtain an ATC clearance, maintain a listening watch on the appropriate frequency and comply with any instructions given by the ATC Unit.
3.2.5  In the event of communications failure in a VFR flight operating in accordance with these procedures, the pilot is to adopt the procedures detailed at ICAO Annex 2, 3.6.5.
3.2.6  CTR entry/exit points are as follows:

NameLocationCoordinates
ARBAN*Ura Arbanë
(Bridge near village of Arbana)
411516N 0194830E
PEZAKUra Pezë(Bridge of Peza)411410N 0194150E
BRARIUra Ferraj(Bridge of Ferraj)412220N 0195118E
MURASKryqëzimi i rrugëve Zheja(Crossroad near village of Zheja)413625N 0194244E
PATOKLaguna e Patokut(Lagoon of Patok)413700N 0193516E
GOLEMRezervuari i Manskurisë(Reservoir of Manskuria)411610N 0193212E

*ARBAN point will be used by State aircraft.

3.2.7  All CTR entry/exit points are compulsory reporting points.
3.2.8  Arrival and departure routes for VFR flights are not established at Tirana Airport.
3.2.9  VFR transit points are as follows:
NameLocationCoordinates
MARIKRezervuari Marikaj(Reservoir of Marikaj)412237N 0193823E
PINARRezervuari i Qinamit(Reservoir of Qinam)412433N 0194752E
3.2.10  Transit points should be used by ATC or when so requested by the pilot of VFR aircraft in order to join arriving or departing sequence, transiting Tirana CTR or crossing the runway.

LATI AD 2.23  Additional information

1.   Bird control and animal hazard
1.1   Procedures
1.1.1  The warning regarding the presence of bird and animal hazards can be passed to aircraft via Tirana Aerodrome Control Tower.
1.1.2  Tirana Airport Operations will carry out bird patrols on a continuous basis throughout the day with specific inspection on the runways and strips as follows:
  1. at the request of the Tower Controller or Aircrew via the Tower Controller;
  2. during period of agricultural activity and/or bird migration in the vicinity of the airport.
1.1.3  In the event of a prolonged problem with birds on or in the vicinity of the airport, details will be promulgated by NOTAM. This will only cover periods of short or medium duration and will be cancelled when the hazard ceases to exist.